Marcel Breuer (1902 – 1981), was a Hungarian-born modernist, architect and furniture designer. Breuer can be regarded as one of the most influential and important designers of the 20th century. Breuer displayed interest in modular construction and simple forms. Breuer studied and taught at the Bauhaus in the 1920s. In the 1920s and 1930s, Breuer pioneered the design of tubular steel furniture. Later in his career he would also turn his attention to the creation of innovative and experimental wooden furniture. Perhaps the most widely-recognized of Breuer's early designs was the first bent tubular steel chair, later known as the Wassily Chair, designed in 1925.
At the latest as of the mid-1920s he construed building as the real goal of his work. Following a sluggish start in Europe and in the United States, primarily owing to the Great Depression and World War II, his career as an architect took off as of the mid-1940s. His New York-based studio at first made a name for itself with detached houses.
The Marcel Breuer retrospective conceived by Vitra Design Museum was the very first exhibition that also appropriately presented all the different fields in which he was active.
Cité de l'Architecture et du Patrimoine
1 place du Trocadéro 75116 Paris
Metro Line 9 : Trocadeo